Nine 12 months-old Elizabeth sits quietly listening as her mom reads from a well-written book on pure science. Mom reads a paragraph or two, after which asks Elizabeth to tell in her own words what was just read. The child eagerly relates the content of the paragraphs, usually using some of the identical expressive language as she has just heard. Mother nods and reads just a few more paragraphs. When the lesson is finished, Elizabeth cheerfully moves off to her subsequent subject in school. In just a few weeks, Elizabeth can be requested to narrate what she learned from the book on pure science. She does so with near excellent recall.
Does this scene seem unlikely to you? Not only is it likely, it’s taking place across the US and abroad with rising regularity. The process of retelling in a single’s on words what’s read or heard is called narration. This technique is among the simplest and yet most profound methods a child can learn. British educational reformer Charlotte Mason recommended narration as the easiest way for a child to retain new learning.
What is narration?
Simply, narration is the telling back in a single’s personal words what has been read aloud or read silently. Most children enjoy telling you what they know. To have an adult wait for his or her words with smiling eyes and anticipation is something any child cherishes. Charlotte Mason believed that this love of telling might be used as a basis for self-education.
Narration as self-schooling
A lot studying in school rooms and home schools today is by rote memorization. This means of instruction is the least efficient because the child is committing the knowledge to memory for the aim of using it in a test, typically with little or no comprehension
Charlotte Mason refers back to the mind of the learner as having an outer and internal court. The outer courtroom is short-term memory and doesn’t interact the personality; the inner court docket of long-term memory is the seat of the child’s of emotional and cognitive abilities. When data is engaged at this inside court, information shouldn’t be only retained it is understood and used by the child.
High-quality literature essential to narration
A child can not narrate from a textbook or a book with quick statements and many graphics. They have to be given the most effective of books, the classics, as well as non-fiction works which might be descriptive.The author of a storytelling method to persuade seduce convince and change behaviour in social networks high-quality work has a passion for the subject and is able to encourage, delight and educate in a narrative form. Within the words of Ms. Mason, it is well-put and well-told.
The way to do narration?
A child of six is ready to begin with brief narrations. Aesop’s Fables is one of the best ways to begin because the narratives are brief and comprise few incidents. You possibly can lengthen the amount of material to be narrated as the child progresses. After a few years of consistent, common narration a student should be able to narrate a whole chapter.
To start, sit with the child (or children) and tell him gently, that you just am going to read (title) one time and you want him to listen carefully and to tell in his personal words all he remembers of the reading. After you read the story or passage, pause a moment to let it settle in, then ask the child to tell back to you what he has heard. Pay attention without remark till the child is done.
If there’s more than one child you can let one start and another adds to the narration. Alternately, you possibly can have the first child narrate after which ask the second (or third) if there’s anything they would like to add. Taking turns narrating while others listen builds the habit of attention in children.
When should I use written narration?
A teaching father or mother can begin transcribing a child’s oral narrations from the first. Later, the child can write narrations independently. By sixth grade a student needs to be doing written narrations every day.
Beginning narration with older children
What if you want to begin narration with a fourth, fifth and even junior high student? The process is similar, only the student progresses faster. Begin with Aesop’s Fables, and move to more and more difficult literature. To start with, make narration a separate subject. As you see success, bring it into your child’s regular studies, remembering to make use of writing of literary quality.
Advantages of narration
Just a number of of the benefits of utilizing narration as a way of self-education are attention, retention, expressive language, and higher stage thinking. Charlotte Mason felt that narration was the means or participating the learner in his own learning. Start at present utilizing narration persistently in your houseschool and you will see marvelous results.